What have been some of the social and environmental costs?

-The economic changes associated with the modern world are tremendous. This course began studying societies that were mostly self-sufficient. But commercial or mercantile capitalism created networks of trade across the globe and vast accumulations of wealth among some, and then industrial capitalism transformed the productive process, creating new types of labor and new types of riches. And now the food and clothing we rely on in our daily lives is the product of a global process. What have been the benefits of this transformation? What have been some of the social and environmental costs? The Integrative Papers are formal essays, and they ask you to integrate into a coherent whole the variety of materials we have studied. You need to develop a thesis, select key ideas and arguments, and put them together in an essay that synthesizes the material. Just as every paper should have a main idea or thesis, so should each paragraph be united around a topic sentence. Transitional sentences that link one paragraph or one section of the paper to the next are also important components of effective essays. The Integrative Essay does not ask you to do any outside reading. Answer the question using only the materials (textbook, documentaries, primary sources, Collaborate live lectures, discussion boards, etc.) that we read in class. And the more of that material you cite, the richer, more nuanced, and more complete your essay will be.

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