CREDIT FOR PRIOR LEARNING: PRESENT-DAY EQUITY GAPS FOR VETERAN STUDENTS AT A CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT.

Chapter 1: Introduction (15-17 pages) and Chapter 2 Review of Literature (38-40 pages)Use all the attachments included. Main Idea: As a state, California relies on higher education institutions to produce college graduates to meet the demands of the economic and workforce growth in the state. California Community Colleges play a vital role in helping to meet those demands; however, many community college students experience numerous structural barriers that prevent them to graduate such as credit for prior learning. Credit for prior learning (CPL) is known as (prior learning assessment) policies guide institutions in evaluating and awarding eligible students with credit for previous collegiate-level learning gained outside of a recognized college classroom. Use these sources: 1. Valenzuela, MacIntyre, Klein-Collins & Clerx, 20162. Standards for Assessing Learning; Council for Adult and Experiential Learning (CAEL), Chicago, Illinois; adapted from Assessing Learning: Standards, Principles, and Procedures (Second Edition); 3. M. Fiddler, C. Marienau, and U. Whitaker; Chicago: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company; 2006.1. Refer to the guides for the evaluation of educational experiences, Center for Adult Learning and Educational Credentials, American Council on Education (ACE), Washington, DC.California Competes. (2018a). Opportunity imbalance: Race, gender, and California’s education-to-employment pipeline. https:// californiacompetes.org/publications/opportunity-imbalance2. Georgetown Center on Education and Workforce. (2019). The unequal race for good jobs. https://1gyhoq479ufd3yna29x7u- bjn-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/Full_Re- port-The_Unequal_Race_for_Good_Jobs.pdf3. US Census Bureau. (2017). Educational attainment for the popula- tion 25 years and over. https://usa.ipums.org/usa/index.shtml4. California Competes. (2018a).5. Valenzuela, I., MacIntyre, D. J., Klein-Collins, B., & Clerx, J. (2016). Prior learning assessment and competency-based education: An overview of programs, policies, and practices. Research and Planning Group, Council for Adult and Experiential Learning,& Moran Technology Group. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ ED570321.pdf6. Valenzuela, I., MacIntyre, D. J., Klein-Collins, B., & Clerx, J. (2016).7. Success Center for California Community Colleges. (2019). Credit for prior learning initiative. https://successcenter.cccco.edu/Stra- tegic-Projects/Credit-for-Prior-Learning-Initiative8. Klein-Collins, R. (2010). Fueling the race: A 48-institution study of prior learning assessment and adult learning outcomes. Council for Adult and Experiential Learning. https://files.eric.ed.gov/full- text/ED524753.pdf9. Klein-Collins, R. (2010).10. Klein-Collins, R. (2010).11. Success Center for California Community Colleges. (2019).12. National Center for Education Statistics. (2019). Indicator 22: Financial aid. https://nces.ed.gov/programs/raceindicators/indi- cator_REC.asp13. Success Center for California Community Colleges. (2019).14. California Community Colleges Chancellor’s Office. (2019). Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges proposed revi- sions to Title 5 regulations of curriculum and instruction. https:// www.cccco.edu/-/media/CCCCO-Website/Files/General-Coun- sel/PRA/15-day-reg-text-of-cpl-8192019.ashx15. Success Center for California Community Colleges. (2019). Credit for prior learning initiative: Findings and recommendations to ex- pand credit for prior learning as a vision for success strategy. https:// www.cccco.edu/-/media/CCCCO-Website/Reports/success-cen- ter-cpl-initiative-report-for-cccco-final.pdf17. Valenzuela, I., MacIntyre, D. J., Klein-Collins, B., & Clerx, J. (2016).19. US Census Bureau. (2016). American Community Survey: Educa- tional attainment for the population 25 years and over. https://usa. ipums.org/usa/index.shtml20. Lakin, M. B., Nellum, C. J., Seymour, D., & Crandall, J. R. (2015).Credit for prior learning: Charting institutional practice for sustain- ability. American Council on Education. https://www.acenet. edu/Documents/Credit-for-Prior-Learning-Charting-Institution- al-Practice-for-Sustainability.pdf21. CA Legis. AB 2494. 2019–20 Reg. Sess. https://leginfo.legislature. ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201920200AB249422. Council for Adult and Experiential Learning. (2011). Underserved students who earn credit through prior learning assessment (PLA) have higher degree completion rates and shorter time-to-degree. https://www.cael.org/pla/publication/underserved-students- who-earn-credit-through-prior-learning-assessment

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